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True Word of Yah: Luke 3:7-9 Lexicon Hebrew & Greek Study

Updated: Aug 14, 2020

It is important to understand these verses because John understood what was coming. If we are not a prosperous tree, then we get thrown into the fire. Do you know what being thrown into the fire really means? Do you know what the words wrath, fruit and repentance really mean? Do you know what generations, vipers or to come means? You will when this lesson is over. All Hebrew/Greek definitions come from the Lexicon

Luke 3:7-9

Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

Luke 3:7

Then said he to the multitude(G3793) that came forth to be baptized (G907) of him, O generation (G1081) of vipers(G2191), who hath warned (G5263) you to flee (G5343) from the wrath(G3709) to come(G3195)?

Multitude-G3793- ὄχλος óchlos, okh'los; from a derivative of G2192 (meaning a vehicle); a throng (as borne along); by implication, the rabble; by extension, a class of people; figuratively, a riot:—company, multitude, number (of people), people, press.

Biblical Outline of Usage G3793

a crowd

a casual collection of people

a multitude of men who have flocked together in some place

a throng

a multitude

the common people, as opposed to the rulers and leading men

with contempt: the ignorant multitude, the populace

a multitude

the multitudes, seems to denote troops of people gathered together without order

*G2192- χω échō, ekh'-o; a primary verb; to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession; ability, contiuity, relation, or condition):—be (able, × hold, possessed with), accompany, + begin to amend, can(+ -not), × conceive, count, diseased, do + eat, + enjoy, + fear, following, have, hold, keep, + lack, + go to law, lie, + must needs, + of necessity, + need, next, + recover, + reign, + rest, + return, × sick, take for, + tremble, + uncircumcised, use.

Biblical outline of usage G2192

to have, i.e. to hold

to have (hold) in the hand, in the sense of wearing, to have (hold) possession of the mind (refers to alarm, agitating emotions, etc.), to hold fast keep, to have or comprise or involve, to regard or consider or hold as

to have i.e. own, possess

external things such as pertain to property or riches or furniture or utensils or goods or food etc.

used of those joined to any one by the bonds of natural blood or marriage or friendship or duty or law etc, of attendance or companionship

to hold one's self or find one's self so and so, to be in such or such a condition

to hold one's self to a thing, to lay hold of a thing, to adhere or cling to

to be closely joined to a person or a thing

Baptized-G907- βαπτίζω baptízō, bap-tid'-zo; from a derivative of G911; to immerse, submerge; to make whelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism:—Baptist, baptize, wash.

Biblical Outline of Usage-G907

o dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge (of vessels sunk)

to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe

to overwhelm

*G911- βάπτω báptō, bap'-to; a primary verb; to whelm, i.e. cover wholly with a fluid; in the New Testament only in a qualified or special sense, i.e. (literally) to moisten (a part of one's person), or (by implication) to stain (as with dye):—dip.

Generation-G1081- γέννημα génnēma, ghen'-nay-mah; from G1080; offspring; by analogy, produce (literally or figuratively):—fruit, generation

*G1080- γεννάω gennáō, ghen-nah'-o; from a variation of G1085; to procreate (properly, of the father, but by extension of the mother); figuratively, to regenerate:—bear, beget, be born, bring forth, conceive, be delivered of, gender, make, spring.

Vipers-G2191- ἔχιδνα échidna, ekh'-id-nah; of uncertain origin; an adder or other poisonous snake (literally or figuratively):—viper.

Biblical Outline of Usage-G2191

a viper, offspring of vipers

addressed to cunning, malignant, wicked men

What does malignant mean?


"in the hands of malignant fate"

synonyms:spiteful, hostile, malevolent, malicious, malign, evil-intentioned, baleful, full of hate, vicious, nasty, poisonous, venomous, acrimonious, rancorous, splenetic, cruel "one of the most malignant glares she had ever seen"

Warned-G5263- ὑποδείκνυμι hypodeíknymi, hoop-od-ike'-noo-mee; from G5259 and G1166; to exhibit under the eyes, i.e. (figuratively) to exemplify (instruct, admonish):—show, (fore-)warn.

*G1166- δεικνύω deiknýō, dike-noo'-o; a prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively):—shew.

Biblical Outline of Usage G4263

to show by placing under (i.e. before) the eyes

to show by words and arguments, i.e. to teach

to show by make known future things

Flee-G5343- φεύγω pheúgō, fyoo'-go; apparently a primary verb; to run away (literally or figuratively); by implication, to shun; by analogy, to vanish:—escape, flee (away).

Biblical Outline of Usage G5343

o flee away, seek safety by flight

metaph. to flee (to shun or avoid by flight) something abhorrent, esp. vices

to be saved by flight, to escape safely out of danger

poetically, to flee away, vanish

Wrath-G3709- ὀργή orgḗ, or-gay'; from G3713; properly, desire (as a reaching forth or excitement of the mind), i.e. (by analogy), violent passion (ire, or (justifiable) abhorrence); by implication punishment:—anger, indignation, vengeance, wrath.

Biblical Outline of Usage G5343

anger, the natural disposition, temper, character

movement or agitation of the soul, impulse, desire, any violent emotion, but esp. anger

anger, wrath, indignation

anger exhibited in punishment, hence used for punishment itself

of punishments inflicted by magistrates

What does Abhorrence Mean?

a feeling of repulsion; disgusted loathing.

"the thought of marrying him filled her with abhorrence"

synonyms:hatred, loathing, detestation, execration, revulsion, abomination, disgust, repugnance, horror, antipathy, odium, aversion, hostility, animosity, enmity, dislike, distaste, disdain, contempt

*Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

*Job 24:12 Because of enmity men do groan, And the soul of pierced ones doth cry, And God doth not give praise.

*Luke 23:12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

To Come-G3195- μέλλω méllō, mel'-lo; a strengthened form of G3199 (through the idea of expectation); to intend, i.e. be about to be, do, or suffer something (of persons or things, especially events; in the sense of purpose, duty, necessity, probability, possibility, or hesitation):—about, after that, be (almost), (that which is, things, + which was for) to come, intend, was to (be), mean, mind, be at the point, (be) ready, + return, shall (begin), (which, that) should (after, afterwards, hereafter) tarry, which was for, will, would, be yet.

Biblical Outline of Usage G3195

to be about

to be on the point of doing or suffering something

to intend, have in mind, think to

Luke 3:8

Bring forth therefore fruits (G2590) worthy (G514) of repentance(G3341), and begin(G756) not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father(G3962): for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones (3037) to raise up(G1453) children unto Abraham.

Fruits-G2590- καρπός karpós, kar-pos'; probably from the base of G726; fruit (as plucked), literally or figuratively:—fruit.

Biblical Outline of Usage G2590


the fruit of the trees, vines, of the fields

the fruit of one's loins, i.e. his progeny, his posterity

that which originates or comes from something, an effect, result

work, act, deed

advantage, profit, utility

praises, which are presented to God as a thank offering

to gather fruit (i.e. a reaped harvest) into life eternal (as into a granary), is used in fig. discourse of those who by their labours have fitted souls to obtain eternal life

*G726- ἁρπάζω harpázō, har-pad'-zo; from a derivative of G138; to seize (in various applications):—catch (away, up), pluck, pull, take (by force)

(Its is important to understand G138 from which this word is derived from: This does not mean a Rapture!! G138- αἱρέομαι hairéomai, hahee-reh'-om-ahee; probably akin to G142; to take for oneself, i.e. to prefer:—choose. Some of the forms are borrowed from a cognate ἕλλομαι héllomai hel'-lom-ahee; which is otherwise obsolete. We Are the Chosen and Taken to The Lord God for Himself once we Repent! this will be a separate study!)

Worthy-G514- ἄξιος áxios, ax'-ee-os; probably from G71; deserving, comparable or suitable (as if drawing praise):—due reward, meet, (un-)worthy.

Biblical Outline of Usage G514

weighing, having weight, having the weight of another thing of like value, worth as much

befitting, congruous, corresponding to a thing

of one who has merited anything worthy

both in a good and a bad sense

What does Congruous Mean?

in agreement or harmony. "this explanation is congruous with earlier observations"

Of Repentance-G3341- μετάνοια metánoia, met-an'-oy-ah; from G3340; (subjectively) compunction (for guilt, including reformation); by implication, reversal (of (another's) decision):—repentance.

What does compunction mean?

a feeling of guilt or moral scruple that prevents or follows the doing of something bad.

"spend the money without compunction"

Biblical Outline of Usage G3341

a change of mind, as it appears to one who repents, of a purpose he has formed or of something he has done

Being-G756- ἄρχομαι árchomai, ar'-khom-ahee; middle voice of G757 (through the implication, of precedence); to commence (in order of time):—(rehearse from the) begin(-ning).

Biblical Outline of Usage G756

to be the first to do (anything), to begin

to be chief, leader, ruler

to begin, make a beginning

To Our Father-G3962- πατήρ patḗr, pat-ayr'; apparently a primary word; a "father" (literally or figuratively, near or more remote):—father, parent.

Biblical Outline of Usage G3962

generator or male ancestor

either the nearest ancestor: father of the corporeal nature, natural fathers, both parents

a more remote ancestor, the founder of a family or tribe, progenitor of a people, forefather: so Abraham is called, Jacob and David

fathers i.e. ancestors, forefathers, founders of a nation

one advanced in years, a senior


the originator and transmitter of anything

the authors of a family or society of persons animated by the same spirit as himself

one who has infused his own spirit into others, who actuates and governs their minds

one who stands in a father's place and looks after another in a paternal way

a title of honour

teachers, as those to whom pupils trace back the knowledge and training they have received the members of the Sanhedrin, whose prerogative it was by virtue of the wisdom and experience in which they excelled, to take charge of the interests of others

God is called the Father

of the stars, the heavenly luminaries, because he is their creator, upholder, ruler

of all rational and intelligent beings, whether angels or men, because he is their creator, preserver, guardian and protector

of spiritual beings and of all men

of Christians, as those who through Christ have been exalted to a specially close and intimate relationship with God, and who no longer dread him as a stern judge of sinners, but revere him as their reconciled and loving Father

the Father of Jesus Christ, as one whom God has united to himself in the closest bond of love and intimacy, made acquainted with his purposes, appointed to explain and carry out among men the plan of salvation, and made to share also in his own divine nature by Jesus Christ himself

by the apostles

Stones-G3037- λίθος líthos, lee'-thos; apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively):—(mill-, stumbling-)stone.

Biblical Outline of Usage G3037

a stone

of small stones

of building stones

metaph. of Christ

*Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone G3037 which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:

To Raise Up-G1453- ἐγείρω egeírō, eg-i'-ro; probably akin to the base of G58 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), i.e. rouse (literally, from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively, from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence):—awake, lift (up), raise (again, up), rear up, (a-)rise (again, up), stand, take up.

Biblical Outline of Usage G1453

to arouse, cause to rise

to arouse from sleep, to awake

to arouse from the sleep of death, to recall the dead to life

to cause to rise from a seat or bed etc.

to raise up, produce, cause to appear

to cause to appear, bring before the public

to raise up, stir up, against one

to raise up i.e. cause to be born

of buildings, to raise up, construct, erect

Luke 3:9

And now also the axe(G513) is laid(G2749) unto the root (G4491) of the trees(G1186): every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit (G2590) is hewn down(G1581), and cast (G906) into the fire(G4442).

Axe-G513- ἀξίνη axínē, ax-ee'-nay; probably from ἄγνυμι ágnymi (to break; compare G4486); an axe:—axe.

*G4486 - ῥήγνυμι rhḗgnymi, hrayg'-noo-mee; both prolonged forms of ῥήκω rhḗkō (which appears only in certain forms, and is itself probably a strengthened form of ἄγνυμι ágnymi (see in G2608)) to "break," "wreck" or "crack", i.e. (especially) to sunder (by separation of the parts; G2608 being its intensive (with the preposition in composition), and G2352 a shattering to minute fragments; but not a reduction to the constituent particles, like G3089) or disrupt, lacerate; by implication, to convulse (with spasms); figuratively, to give vent to joyful emotions:—break (forth), burst, rend, tear.

Biblical Outline of Usage G4486

to rend, burst or break asunder, break up, break through

to tear in pieces

to break forth

into joy, of infants or dumb persons beginning to speak

to distort, convulse

of a demon causing convulsions in a man possessed

to dash down, hurl to the ground (a common occurrence in cases of demon possession and epilepsy)

laid-G2749- κεῖμαι keîmai, ki'-mahee; middle voice of a primary verb; to lie outstretched (literally or figuratively):—be (appointed, laid up, made, set), lay, lie. Compare G5087.

Biblical Outline of Usage G2749

to lie

of an infant

of one buried

of things that quietly cover some spot

of a city situated on a hill

of things put or set in any place, in ref. to which we often use "to stand"

of vessels, of a throne, of the site of a city, of grain and other things laid up together, of a foundation


to be (by God's intent) set, i.e. destined, appointed

of laws, to be made, laid down

lies in the power of the evil one, i.e. is held in subjection by the devil

The Root-G4491- ῥίζα rhíza, hrid'-zah; apparently a primary word; a "root" (literally or figuratively):—root.

Biblical Outline of Usage G4491

a root

that which like a root springs from a root, a sprout, shoot

metaph. offspring, progeny

Of The Trees-G1186- δένδρον déndron, den'-dron; probably from δρύς drýs (an oak); a tree:—tree.

*Mark 8:24 And he looked up, and said, I see men as trees, G1186 walking.

Hewn Down-G1581- ἐκκόπτω ekkóptō, ek-kop'-to; from G1537 and G2875; to exscind; figuratively, to frustrate:—cut down (off, out), hew down, hinder.

What does Hew Down Mean?

to strike forcibly with an ax, sword, or other cutting instrument; chop; hack. to make, shape, smooth, etc., with cutting blows: to hew a passage through the crowd; to hew a statue from marble.

Biblical Usage G5181

to cut out, cut off

of a tree

metaph. to cut off occasion

*Matthew 18:8 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut G1581 ➔ them off, G1581 and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire.

Cast-G906- βάλλω bállō, bal'-lo; a primary verb; to throw (in various applications, more or less violent or intense):—arise, cast (out), × dung, lay, lie, pour, put (up), send, strike, throw (down), thrust. Compare G4496.

Biblical Outline of Usage G906

to throw or let go of a thing without caring where it falls

to scatter, to throw, cast into

to give over to one's care uncertain about the result

of fluids

to pour, pour into of rivers

to pour out

to put into, insert

The Fire-G4442- πῦρ pŷr, poor; a primary word; "fire" (literally or figuratively, specially, lightning):—fiery, fire

*John 15:6- If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, G4442 and they are burned.

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