• Angel of Ephesus

True Word of Yahuah: The Many Meanings of Sleep. A Strong's Hebrew and Greek Study

Many times in Scripture we see the word sleep. However this word has not been translated accordingly to the actual definition the author of that particular scripture was trying to convey. Meaning: sleep to us has many different meanings when you look it up in Strong's Hebrew/Greek Concordance. This lesson will help you understand what you are reading. I will be using both Greek and Hebrew words as well as verses from KJV and the cepher.


In my Google search of Hebrew/ Greek meaning of sleep I got sevreral results. I will be pairing up the Greek and Hebrew words along with thier place in scripture both in New and Old Testament.


1. sleep, grow old, to die, to be slack

H3462 : יָשֵׁן yâshên, yaw-shane'; a primitive root; properly, to be slack or languid, i.e. (by implication) sleep (figuratively, to die); also to grow old, stale or inveterate:—old (store), remain long, (make to) sleep.

  • Jeremiah 51:36-39 36 Therefore thus saith the Lord; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.37 And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps.39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep(H3426) a perpetual sleep (H8142), and not wake, saith the Lord.

  • How do we know sleep here doesn't mean to sleep as in rest or lay down to awake in the morning?

  • Perpetual: H5769 עוֹלָם ʻôwlâm, o-lawm'; or עֹלָם ʻôlâm; from H5956; properly, concealed, i.e. the vanishing point; generally, time out of mind (past or future), i.e. (practically) eternity; frequentatively, adverbial (especially with prepositional prefix) always:—alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, (n-)) ever(-lasting, -more, of old), lasting, long (time), (of) old (time), perpetual, at any time, (beginning of the) world (+without end). Compare H5331, H5703.

G2837 κοιμάω koimáō, koy-mah'-o; from G2749; to put to sleep, i.e. (passively or reflexively) to slumber; figuratively, to decease:—(be a-, fall a-, fall on) sleep, be dead.

  • Mittiyhyahu (Matthew) 27:50-53 YAHUSH, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up his ruach. And behold, the veil of the Temple was rent in two from the top to the bottom, and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the qodeshiym (holy men) which slept arouse, And came out of their graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city and appeared to many.


2. sleep, be sleepy

H3463 יָשֵׁן yâshên, yaw-shane'; from H3462; sleepy:—asleep, (one out of) sleep(-eth, -ing), slept.

  • 1 Samuel 26:12  So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the Lord was fallen upon them.

  • H8153 שְׁנָת shᵉnâth, shen-awth'; from H3462; sleep:—sleep.

  • Psalm 132:1-5 Lord, remember David, and all his afflictions: 2 How he sware unto the Lord, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob;3 Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed;4 I will not give sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids,5 Until I find out a place for the Lord, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob.

  • H8142 שֵׁנָה shênâh, shay-naw'; or שֵׁנָא shênâʼ; (Psalm 127:2), from H3462; sleep:—sleep.

  • H8139 שְׁנָה shᵉnâh, shen-aw'; (Aramaic) corresponding to H8142:—sleep.


G2518 καθεύδω katheúdō, kath-yoo'-do; from G2596 and εὕδω heúdō (to sleep); to lie down to rest, i.e. (by implication) to fall asleep (literally or figuratively):—(be a-)sleep.


  • Mattithyahu (Matthew) 26:39-41 And he went a little further, and fell on his face and prayed saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will but as you will. And he came unto the Talmidiym, and found them asleep, and said unto Kepha, What, could ye not watch with me for one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the ruach indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

3. deep sleep, trance, lethargy

H8639 תַּרְדֵּמָה tardêmâh, tar-day-maw'; from H7290; a lethargy or (by implication) trance:—deep sleep.

  • Isaiah 29:9-11  Stay yourselves, and wonder; cry ye out, and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink.10 For the Lord hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.11 And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:

G5258 ὕπνος hýpnos, hoop'-nos; from an obsolete primary (perhaps akin to G5259 through the idea of subsilience); sleep, i.e. (figuratively) spiritual torpor:—sleep. (hynposis, hypnotize...derived from this word)

  • Romans 13:11-13 And that knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our yeshu'ah (salvation) nearer when we believed. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefor cast off the works of the darkness and let us put on the armour of light. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and enveying.

4. sleep from drowsiness, slumber

H5123 נוּם nûwm, noom; a primitive root; to slumber (from drowsiness):—sleep, slumber.

  • Nahum 3:17-19 Thy crowned are as the locusts, and thy captains as the great grasshoppers, which camp in the hedges in the cold day, but when the sun ariseth they flee away, and their place is not known where they are.18 Thy shepherds slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them.19 There is no healing of thy bruise; thy wound is grievous: all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee: for upon whom hath not thy wickedness passed continually?

5. upon, veil, of, lie, be appointed

G2749 κεῖμαι keîmai, ki'-mahee; middle voice of a primary verb; to lie outstretched (literally or figuratively):—be (appointed, laid up, made, set), lay, lie. Compare G5087.

  • 2 Corinthian 3:14-17 But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. 15 But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.16 Nevertheless when it shall turn to the Lord, the vail shall be taken away.17 Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

  • G5087 τίθημι títhēmi, tith'-ay-mee; a prolonged form of a primary θέω théō theh'-o (which is used only as alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly, in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different fromG2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate):—+ advise, appoint, bow, commit, conceive, give, × kneel down, lay (aside, down, up), make, ordain, purpose, put, set (forth), settle, sink down.

As you can see there many uses for the word sleep. Knowing what they mean in context is important. If you are still asleep, I pray you wake up!


Eph'siym (Ephesians) 5:13-15 But all things that are reproved are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever does make manifest is light. Wherfore he says, Awake you that is sleep, and arise from the dead, and HASMASHIACH shall give you light. See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise , Redeeming the time, because the days are evil.



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